Gold Trends and Indicators

These interactive charts offered in conjunction with the St. Louis Federal Reserve and the ICE Benchmark Administration monitor statistical categories, price histories and historic correlations of interest to gold owners. To update the charts, please move the toggle button on the year bar all the way to the right.

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To see the most updated version of the chart, click on the right arrow on date bar.

Gold Annual Returns
(Year over year)

Gold Annual Returns
(Year over year for the same month)

Gold Price
(One year)

Gold Price
(Ten year)

Gold Price
(Since 1970)

Gold Price
(Since 1970, log scale)

Gold Price
(Annual average)

Gold and the Purchasing Power of the U.S. Dollar
(Since 1970)

Gold and the Volatility Index

Gold and the National Debt

Gold and the Dollar Index

Gold and the Monetary Base

Real Rate of Return on Gold

Real Rate of Return on U.S. Dollar

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A word on USAGOLD – USAGOLD ranks among the most reputable gold companies in the United States. Founded in the 1970s and still family-owned, it is one of the oldest and most respected names in the gold industry. USAGOLD has always attracted a certain type of investor – one looking for a high degree of reliability and market insight coupled with a professional client (rather than customer) approach to precious metals ownership. We are large enough to provide the advantages of scale, but not so large that we do not have time for you. (We invite your visit to the Better Business Bureau website to review our five-star, zero-complaint record. The report includes a large number of verified customer reviews.)

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Disclaimer – Opinions expressed on the website do not constitute an offer to buy or sell, or the solicitation of an offer to buy or sell any precious metals product, nor should they be viewed in any way as investment advice or advice to buy, sell or hold. USAGOLD, Inc. recommends the purchase of physical precious metals for asset preservation purposes, not speculation. Utilization of these opinions for speculative purposes is neither suggested nor advised. Commentary is strictly for educational purposes, and as such USAGOLD does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, timeliness or completeness of the information found here.

Gold Trading Hours

Map of world gold colored with - Members World Wide Web since 1997

Whenever the gold market gets active, we have a large increase in visitors at our Gold Trading Hours page.  Investors want to see which markets – Asian, European or American – are the focal point for price movement.  They also want to know when a particular market is going to open or close in areas where gold might experience an influx of buyer or seller interest.  That is why we designed this popular page with market hours and a live clock showing the local time in that particular market and all the other major gold markets.  Gold Trading Hours is one of the quiet pages at USAGOLD that garners significant global interest particularly when the market is moving or breaking news warrants more than average interest. We also invite you to return here regularly – to this Live Daily Newsletter page – for up-to-the-minute gold market news, opinion and analysis as it happens.

We invite your visit.  We encourage your bookmark.

Gold Trading Hours
London – New York – Sydney – Hong Kong – Shanghai – Tokyo – Zurich


Alan Greenspan’s long-time advocacy of gold

As most of you already know, former Fed chairman Alan Greenspan is a long-time advocate of private gold ownership as well as the gold standard.  Some see his chairmanship of the Fed and gold advocacy as contradictory, but in fact, Greenspan always saw the two as complementary.  Here is a very interesting quote taken from an interview in the World Gold Council’s Gold Investor magazine in February, 2017:

“When I was Chair of the Federal Reserve I used to testify before US Congressman Ron Paul, who was a very strong advocate of gold. We had some interesting discussions. I told him that US monetary policy tried to follow signals that a gold standard would have created. That is sound monetary policy even with a fiat currency. In that regard, I told him that even if we had gone back to the gold standard, policy would not have changed all that much.”

Many years ago, we catalogued those exchanges between then Texas congressman Paul and Greenspan here at USAGOLD.  I was among the small group at the time who appreciated the dialogue as friendly intellectual exchanges between two heavyweights and not as a contentious debate between adversaries.  In the preface to the transcripts written several years ago, I pointed out that both seemed to enjoy and relish the exchanges. It is interesting that Greenspan would reference the banter between the two in such a telling way so many years later.

Here is an excerpt from that preface:

In putting this page together, I was struck with Dr. Paul’s ability to cut through the political gamesmanship that necessarily comes with being chairman of the Fed to Alan Greenspan, the man and political/economic philosopher. What emerges is a powerful figure conflicted between the practical manager charged with operating within the current fiat monetary system and the philosopher-academic with a “nostalgia,” as he puts it, for the days of the gold standard. Without Dr. Paul’s incisive questioning, I doubt that this aspect of the Greenspan character would have found its way to the public venue and the historical record. Though the relationship appears adversarial at first blush, one also detects a certain amount of mutual respect and interest. Says Dr. Paul of the exchanges: “My questions are always on the same subject. If I don’t bring up the issue of hard money vs. fiat money, Greenspan himself does.”

Here is a final anecdote from that same preface I have always appreciated:

“In closing, I would like to pass along an anecdote reported by SmartMoney’s Donald Luskin in a 2002 interview of Ron Paul. Paul told Luskin the story of his owning an original copy of Gold and Economic Freedom, and asking Greenspan to sign it. While doing so, Paul asked him if he still believed what he wrote in that essay some 40 years ago. That tract, written during Greenspan’s days as a devotee of Ayn Rand, is a strongly worded, no-holds-barred attack on fiat money and the central banks as an engine of the welfare state. It also endorses the gold standard as a deterrent to politicians’ penchant for running deficits and printing money. Greenspan – enigmatic as ever – responded that he “wouldn’t change a single word.”

Upon leaving the Fed, Greenspan has spoken as a private citizen on several occasions about gold as an investment.  In 2014 at a conference sponsored by the Council on Foreign Relations, Financial Times’ Gillian Tett asked him: “Do you think that gold is currently a good investment?” He replied,  “Yes. Remember what we’re looking at. Gold is a currency. It is still, by all evidence, a premier currency. No fiat currency, including the dollar, can match it.” (At the time of the conference, gold was trading in the $1200 range.)

–– Michael J. Kosares, USAGOLD

Please see the following at our Gold Classics Library:

Ron Paul-Alan Greenspan transcripts (1997-2005)

Gold and Economic Freedom / Alan Greenspan / 1967


Graphic of black swan on gold circleBlackSwansYellowGold
How gold performs during periods of deflation,
disinflation, stagflation and hyperinflation

“That men do not learn very much from the lessons of history is the most important of all the lessons of history.”
–– Aldous Huxley ––

Though Huxley’s observation is readily applied to humanity collectively, it does not apply so easily to individual investors. As justification, we offer the ongoing (and long-term) success of the USAGOLD website as well as the soaring statistics on the growth of private gold ownership over the past decade both in the United States and abroad, inspired directly by the lessons learned from financial market upheaval. The following short essays are dedicated to the safe-haven gold investor who, like noted financial author Nicholas Taleb, believes that it is just as important to prepare for what we cannot foresee as what we can.

BlackSwansYellowGold Series

Gold as a deflation hedge

Gold as a disinflation hedge

Gold as a stagflation hedge

Gold as hyperinflation hedge

Gold as the portfolio choice for all seasons

A chronology of panics, mania, crashes and collapses
(400 BC to present)


Daily gold and silver price history
1968 to present

Map of the World in gold with, member of World Wide Web since 1997

Our Daily Gold and Silver Price History pages are among the heaviest traffic pages at the USAGOLD website. The archived data is licensed from the ICE Benchmark Administration and the London Bullion Market Association and Netdania Creations and run from 1968 to present.  FOREX prices for the day are posted as a live feed and then frozen at the end of each trading day.  These pages are frequented by data gatherers of all descriptions from professors and their students to market professionals and investors – all interested in gold’s price performance both over the long run and within specific time constraints for their own research purposes.

Daily Gold and Silver Price History is another of the quiet pages at USAGOLD that garners significant global interest particularly when the market is moving or breaking news warrants more than average interest. We also invite you to return here regularly – to this Live Daily Newsletter page – for up-to-the-minute gold market news, opinion, and analysis as it happens.

We invite your visit.  We encourage your bookmark.


Daily gold and silver price history pages


photo image of gold bars with colorful chart in background
Why financial advisers should line
their portfolios with gold

More and more, it is becoming a mainstay in the financial business that the wise investor and/or financial advisor embrace gold as a means to capital preservation in a rapidly changing and increasingly dangerous investment climate. In Cazenove Capital’s case, it is emphasizing gold as a hedge against geopolitical turbulence. “Speaking at a Schroders breakfast briefing yesterday (January 22),” reports Financial Times, “Janet Mui, global economist at Cazenove Capital, said she thought investing in gold was the best way for advisers and fund managers to hedge the risks in their portfolios. She said: ‘Gold has the feature of portfolio hedging and diversification. Gold should be in your portfolio.’”

Related, please see:
Precious metals for financial planners and advisors
We will work with you to offer your clients a strong, service-based
presence in the gold coin and bullion market



Charles DeGaulle’s ‘Criterion’ speech

Image of French president Charles DeGaulle, black and whiteGiven the increasing frequency and severity of international currency imbroglios and one emerging nation-state after another falling into monetary disrepair, it is not difficult to visualize more and more of these states looking to gold as a matter of national defense. One recalls Charles DeGaulle’s famous criterion speech on gold in this context. Though such a holding would not cure internal problems derived from excessive debt and the debasement of their own currencies, it would offer something of a shield for all nation-states against the devaluation/revaluation policies of other nation-states, just as it does for private investors who take the same course of action.



Live Daily Newsletter
(The page you are now visiting)

Map of the world colored gold with Member World Wide Web since 1997

“I cannot stress enough how important it is for everybody to really take it upon themselves to read as much as they can and try and understand what’s going on. Don’t rely on the mainstream media, don’t rely on short soundbite information, really dig into this and seek out the people who can help you understand it because it’s incredibly important right now.” – Grant Williams, RealVision-TV, Matterhorn interview with Lars Schall

We couldn’t agree with Grant Williams more.  Here at USAGOLD, we have always geared our content to what we believe our clientele would like to know or learn. Not the general public. Not Wall Street. Not the search engines. Not our colleagues in the field.  But our clientele.  The centerpiece to that endeavor is the page you are now reading.

We invite your visits.  We encourage your bookmark.

Live Daily Newsletter
Up-to-the-minute gold market news, opinion and analysis as it happens.




What you need to know before you buy
your first ounce of gold

Some initial guidelines from one of America’s top gold experts

graphic image of man standing at entrance to maze
New to the idea of including gold in your investment portfolio?
If so,
this page is for you.

If you are new to the idea of gold ownership, you might be looking for a little guidance. We, at USAGOLD, have been in the gold business for a good many years and the one thing that stands out to us in working with so many over the years is how often investors, for one reason or another, get off to a bad start.

That is why we developed a question and answer page many years ago that delves into the subject of GETTING OFF TO THE RIGHT START. We update it regularly as things can change rapidly in the gold and silver markets. The page is linked above and we recommend that newcomers spend the few minutes it takes to get through it. . . .

This page receives considerably high-ranking from Google on a number of important searches and we like to think it’s because of the cause it serves – providing some positive direction to investors trying to get off to a solid start in their pursuit of gold ownership.



World Gold Production by Country
Top ten producers, in metric tonnes
2004 – 2019
Source: U.S. Geological Survey
photo of two gold miners' bars
In the sixteen years of this survey, China more than doubled its gold mine production and rose to the top slot, while South Africa cut its production in half and fell from first to tenth. The United States and Australia held steady in and around the two and three slots for much of the period until 2014 when the United States slipped to the number four slot. Russia climbed from number seven in 2006 to number three in 2014 and has held that ranking ever since.


Gold Trends and Indicators

Map of world colored gold - Member World Wide Web since 1997

Our Gold Trends and Indicators page was first constructed many years ago to serve a specific need.  At the time, there was no single place a client, or prospective client, could go to monitor statistical categories and correlations relevant to gold ownership.  This page filled that need with interactive, automatically updating charts that featured gold’s annual returns; one-year, ten-year, and long-term price charts; correlations like gold and the purchasing power of the dollar, gold and the S&P 500 and gold and the volatility index (to name a few); and, real rates of return over the long term on gold and the dollar.  It remains a favorite reference among serious investors and students of the gold market to this day.  We believe it to be particularly useful to the prospective gold buyer who wants to understand the history of gold under various circumstances as part of the due diligence process.

Gold Trends and Indicators is another of the quiet pages at USAGOLD that garners significant global interest particularly when the market is moving or breaking news warrants more than average interest. We also invite you to return here regularly – to this Live Daily Newsletter page – for up-to-the-minute gold market news, opinion, and analysis as it happens.

We invite your visit.  We encourage your bookmark.

Gold Trends and Indicators
Charts offered in conjunction with the St. Louis Federal Reserve and the ICE Benchmark Administration



Black Swans
A chronology of panics, mania, crashes
and collapses
–– 400 BC to present ––

Those who think it can’t happen here, or that this time around it’s different, should take note of the number of black swan events in American history alone. The record is formidable. Gold ownership is traditionally a form of battening down the hatches against these recurring storms and, for the minority who adhere to it, an effective and ever-ready defense. Nialls Ferguson, the economic philosopher, summed up what a good many were thinking in the wake of the 2008 meltdown when he said, “Those few goldbugs who always doubted the soundness of fiat money — paper currency without a metal anchor — have in large measure been vindicated. But why were the rest of us so blinded by money illusion?” Why indeed. . .




King Ibn Saud’s 35,000 British sovereign gold coins

“In August, 2018 those same sovereigns would bring a little less than $10 million at melt value ($282.50 each/$1200 per ounce gold price) and a barrel of oil is selling for about $75. Thus, a British sovereign today can buy less than four barrels of oil — a statistic that gives you an inkling of gold’s current under-valuation.  For gold to buy the same amount of oil now that it did in 1933, the metal would have to go to $3186 per ounce.”

For the full story